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By James W. Redhouse

The Ottoman Language is the main hugely polished department of the nice Turkish tongue, that's spokon, with dialectic adaptations, around the entire breadth, approximately, of the center quarter of the continent of Asia, impinging into Europe, even, within the Ottoman provinces, and in addition, in Southern Russia, as much as the frontiers of the previous nation of Poland. The Ottoman language is, in its grammar and vocabulary, essentially Turkish. It has, in spite of the fact that, followed, and maintains increasingly more to undertake, as required, an enormous variety of Arabic, Porsian, and overseas phrases (Greek, Armenian, Slavonic, Hungarian, Italian, French, English, etc.), including using the various grammatical ideas of the Arabic and Porsian, that are given as Turkish ideas within the following pages, their foundation being in each one case targeted. the nice Turkish language, turkje, Ottoman and non-Ottoman, has been classed, by way of ecu writers as one of many " agglutinative" languages ; now not inflTable of Contents Preface ; notice on id of Alphabets xii; bankruptcy I Letters and ORTnooiurnr; part I quantity, Order, Forma, and Names of; Letters 1; Synopsis of Arabic, Greek, and Latin; Letters four; ? II Phonetic Values of Letters, Vowel-Points, Orthographic symptoms, Transliteration, Ottoman Euphony 15; bankruptcy IL Ottoman Accidence; part I Nouns great fifty one; ? II Nouns Adjective GS; ? III Numerals seventy four; , IV Pronouns eighty two; vi; desk of contents; part V Demonstratives 8b; ? VI Interrogatives 89; ? VII Relative Pronouns ninety; ? VIIIDerivation of Verbs ninety two; (Table) ninety four; ? IX Conjugation of Verbs ; Moods; Tenses ;; Participles; Verbal Nouns; Gerunds ninety nine; ? X Numbers aiul Tersons one hundred fifteen ? XI complicated different types of Verbs , 119; ? XII First advanced class one hundred twenty ? XIII moment ? ? one hundred twenty five; ? XIV 3rd ? 129; ? XV mixed (Turkish) Conjugation 133; ? XVI unfavorable and Impotential Conjugations , one hundred thirty five; ? XVII Dubitative, power, and Facile Verbs 141; ? XVII I Verb significant a hundred and forty four; ?

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I was excused the first day because, not knowing the routine, I did not appear below the window with the other workers and servants. But Musto explained the rules, and so, early the next morning, I waited with the others to receive my instructions. I learned to bring water from the well, fetch dry branches for the stove, free the hens, feed them, collect eggs, take food to the field workers, chase goats out of the kitchen, water the oxen, churn the milk to make butter, and prepare the sacks for straining cheese.

Why do I keep you herd I feed you, I dress you, I take care of your aches and troubles, I keep you out of military service! " she turned suddenly. " Like Sulo, I did not respond and moved out of sight. Krikor was dumbstruck, his big eyes open so wide that he was more to be pitied than his sister. Luckily, Musto went over to him, took the axe from his hand, tied it to the saddle together with a sack of bread, and said to the terrified, shaken boy, "Let's go:' Krikor hesitated, afraid that someone would drown his sister in his absence.

Eat;' came a voice. Before me, on a large plate, were fresh bread, bulgur pila£ and yogurt. " I asked. "Take it, my son, take it;' said the old Turk. He turned to stare out the window. It seemed to me that his voice was sad. A while later he looked back into the room, troubled, and gestured toward the field where our caravan was spread out, and said, very slowly: 'i\li Bey, we must see that their curse does not stay with us:· Nothing was said for a long time. I finished eating and waited for the next move.

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