By Margarita Diaz-Andreu
Margarita Diaz-Andreu bargains an cutting edge heritage of archaeology throughout the 19th century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval interval, and all parts of the realm. the advance of archaeology is put in the framework of latest political occasions, with a selected concentration upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines quite a lot of matters, together with the production of associations, the conversion of the research of antiquities right into a occupation, public reminiscence, adjustments in archaeological idea and perform, and the influence on archaeology of racism, faith, the idea in development, hegemony, and resistance.
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Extra info for A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past
Yet, as Kohn already argued in 1972, even if one could trace a vague sense of nation in the medieval period, it was certainly interlinked with other more powerful and overwhelming contemporary identities, notably religion. It was only later, in the modern era, that the idea of the nation emerged as a cogent identity. The Italian Renaissance The Renaissance represented a major shift in Italian and European history. This period witnessed a dramatic change of political scene in the politically fragmented Italian territory.
6; Jones 2003). The proposition advanced here is the means by which nationalism changed the role of history in politics. 1 Rather, by turning the study of the past to the service of the nation, and integrating it as one of the main elements of nationhood, the study of the past became included in administrative reform, the result being its social and institutional reorganization. Institutionalization brought a major shift with respect to previous periods. In its Wrst decades as a successful political ideology nationalism meant not only a deWnite rupture from previous periods in the institutionalization of the study of the historical past (Burrow 1981; Cirujano Marı´n et al.
C. ). The study of antiquity was further fostered by the formation of the Wrst academies created to encourage the discussion and exchange of scholarly ideas. Following the example of the ancient Plato’s Academia, the Academia Platonica was founded by Cosimo de Medicis in Florence in 1438, and another Academy was opened in Naples by Alfonse V, king of Aragon (1416–58) and of Naples (from 1442). Three genres were developed in this period, adopted Wrst in the study of the Graeco-Roman world and then emulated for other antiquities elsewhere in Europe and America: topographic descriptions; systematic treatises of antiquities ordered into diVerent classes; and, Wnally, catalogues of collections (Schnapp 2002: 137).