Download Amorium: A Byzantine City in Anatolia - An Archaeological by Chris Lightfoot PDF

By Chris Lightfoot

Even though much less popular than a few Anatolian websites, it truly is Amorium's importance as a tremendous payment after the Roman interval that makes it so vital. The excavation programme's major objective has been to make clear the Byzantine payment that flourished the following till the eleventh century advert. This guidebook is an try to fill in a number of the gaps within the archaeology, and to carry town and its heritage again to lifestyles.

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Sample text

The most striking feature of the Lower City walls is their length. Although today little of their size and height can be seen, it still takes a considerable time to walk around the entire circuit, following the traces that are visible on the ground. The construction of such a large circuit of fortifications at Amorium is in marked contrast to what was taking place at most late antique cities, where it was the norm for defences to surround a reduced area at the centre of the urban settlement. The major phase of construction for these fortifications may be dated to the reign of the Isaurian emperor Zeno (AD 474-491), to whom later sources attribute the refounding of the city.

The finer pieces include part of a marble statue of a sphinx and an almost complete but headless crouching lion – both may once have decorated funerary monuments set up by the wellto-do inhabitants of the Roman city. Likewise, there are a few fragments of ornate marble sarcophagi known as the ‘Sidonian’ type. These were Torso of a white marble sphinx from a funerary monument produced at the famous quar(Roman, 1st-3rd century AD). ries of Docimeium and exported not just throughout central Anatolia but also to Rome itself.

Layer of ash and debris below the The senior military Enclosure wall (Dark Ages, early 9th commanders and other century AD). 55 History and Archaeology Manuscript illustration of the Forty-Two Martyrs of Amorium (Byzantine, 13th century AD). important figures amongst the defenders were taken alive, to be used as hostages for ransom or exchange. They were separated from the remainder of the prisoners, who were marched off into captivity when al-Mu‘tassim’s forces withdrew from Amorium soon after its capture.

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