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By Umut Uzer

During this booklet, Umut Uzer examines the ideological evolution and transformation of Turkish nationalism from its early precursors to its modern protagonists. Turkish nationalism erupted onto the area degree within the past due 19th and early 20th centuries, as Greeks, Armenians, and different minority teams in the Ottoman Empire started to search independence. in part according to the emerging nationalist voices of those teams, Turkish intellectuals started propagating Turkish nationalism via educational in addition to renowned books, and later institutions released semipropagandist journals with the aid of the Unionist and Kemalist governments. whereas predominantly a textual research of the first assets written via the nationalists, this quantity takes under consideration how political advancements stimulated Turkish nationalism and in addition tackles the query of the way an ideology that begun as a innovative, innovative, forward-looking excellent finally reworked into person who is conservative, patriarchal, and mawkish to the Ottoman and Islamic prior. among Islamic and Turkish identification is the 1st booklet in any language to comprehensively study Turkish nationalism with such scope and engagement with basic resources; it goals to dissect the phenomenon in all its manifestations.

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Additional resources for An Intellectual History of Turkish Nationalism: Between Turkish Ethnicity and Islamic Identity

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5 Another contributor to cultural-scholarly nationalism was Mustafa Celalettin Paşa, a Polish nationalist whose original name was Constantin Borzecki. In the aftermath of the 1848 revolution he moved to the Ottoman Empire in 1849 and converted to Islam. He proudly served in the { 18 } The Emergence of Turkish Nationalism Ottoman army in the Crimean War (1853–56), in the war in Crete (1867), and in Herzegovina (1875), when he was “martyred” in Montenegro. 8 Leon Cahen was also a prominent figure in Turcological studies.

17 Sami used the term “Türkistan” { 20 } The Emergence of Turkish Nationalism instead of “Türkiye” (Turkey) and called the Ottoman state a Turkish state. 18 Before continuing the discussion of early nationalists it is useful to note the rise of Young Ottomans in the late nineteenth century in order to comprehend the political context at the time. The early stirrings of nationalism can be found in the efforts to create an Ottoman nation and the accompanying vocabulary, such as “motherland” (vatan), which became a Turkish conception of the motherland in the late nineteenth century.

The Budapest branch was opened in 1909 under the chairmanship of Turcologist Ignacz Kunosç. Armenius Vambery was the honorary chair of the Turkish Society in Hungary. 58 The Turkish Society was politically Ottomanist yet culturally Turkist. Simplification of the Turkish language was one of the paramount aims of the society, along with its call for an increase in the number of Turcological studies. 59 Most of its members were later to join the Turkish Hearth.  Akil Muhtar) and three Russian Turks (Ahmet Ağaoğlu, Hüseyinzade Ali Turan, and Yusuf Akçura).

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