Download An Introduction to Philosophy (A Sheed & Ward Classic) by Jacques Maritain PDF

By Jacques Maritain

Jacques Maritain's An advent to Philosophy was once first released in 1931. given that then, this ebook has stood the attempt of time as a transparent advisor to what philosophy is and the way to philosophize. encouraged by way of the Thomistic Revival referred to as for through Leo XIII, Maritain is predicated seriously on Aristotle and St. Thomas Aquinas to form a philosophy that, faraway from sectarian theology in conceal, is pushed through cause and engages the fashionable international. Re-released as a part of the Sheed & Ward vintage sequence, An advent to Philosophy is bound to brighten up the minds of scholars and basic readers for years yet to come. From the recent advent via Ralph McInerny: you're approximately to learn a powerful creation not just to one of those philosophy yet to philosophizing itself. Jacques Maritain used to be a comparatively younger guy while he wrote this publication, yet his attempt is person who draws any thinker an increasing number of as he grows older. even if abnormal and strange what he says turns into, the thinker yearns to teach how even the main abstruse claims could be placed into relation with what the reader already understands. That, in its essence, is what instructing is. during this e-book, the reader will discover a clever and sure consultant into philosophizing as such. And, after all, he'll locate that what he reads is admittedly just a refinement and improvement of what he and everyone else already knew.

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HeracUtus is thus the philosopher of evolution and becoming. In his view, all things are diflbrentiations produced by discord or strife {7z6'kz[io<^ Tcar^p Tcavrcov) of a single mobile principle which he conceives in the form of fire, a fire ethereal, living, and divine. So from the outset stands out in the clearest light that fatal necessity which chains every philosophy of pure becoming to monism ' or to pantheism^ " If," wrote Aristotle,' '' you maintain that all beings are one, you simply return to Heraclitus's opinion.

If this be the case, the doctrine of successive reincarnations originated in an unintelligent distortion of this theory, still further corrupted when it was introduced into the West. ) It is also possible, on the contrary, that the theory in question was a learned interpretation, elaborated by the Indian metaphysicians, of a popular belief in transmigration. PRE -PHI LO S OPHIC THOUGHT infused wisdom which accompanies it. Its aim is union with God by knowledge, not by love. Instead of admitting an activity overflowing from its own superabundance, it withdraws from activity of any kind, which it abandons wholly to the inferior powers.

It was in Greece alone that philosophy achieved her autonomy and was explicitly distinguished from religion. At least during the purest and most glorious PR E-PHILOSOPHIG THOUGHT age of the Heilenic mind, it recognised its own boundaries and was content to claim a strictly limited territory—the scientific study of purely rational truths —whereas Greek religion, already very much degraded in the time of Homer, became increasingly incapable of satisfying the needs of the intelligence, and grew more corrupt every day.

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