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Category: Medieval Thought

Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy: Volume 2

Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy: Volume 2

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With a vast wealth of mystical literature and philosophic defenses of mysticism, Indian thought has much to offer the epistemology of religious belief. Maróth, Miklós, “Possible Sources of Sirr al-asrâr,” in Authority, Privacy, pp. 71-79. “The Philosophy of Illumination (from Hikmat al-ishrâq),” intro. by M. According to Bonaventure some things are dictates of nature simply, valid for every state of human existence (e. g. that God is to be honoured), others are dictates of nature as it was first instituted, valid for the state of of nature in its fallen state (e.g. that property rights should be respected); 47.

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Aristotle East and West: Metaphysics and the Division of

Aristotle East and West: Metaphysics and the Division of

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Hence, the first just men were established as shepherds of flocks, rather than as kings of men” (City of God, XIX .15, p. 942).[ 8 ] He goes on to say that slavery is a just punishment for sin, and that servi are so called because “those who might [justly] have been slain under the laws of war were sometimes spared” [servabantur]. So important is the "what if" way of philosophical thinking, in fact, that there is a name for it in philosophy.

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Political Theories of the Middle Age

Political Theories of the Middle Age

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That, in contrast to Socratic definition, where the meaning of the common name 'philosophy', if it is a common name, would be the common nature named by the common name. The series is intended for the serious, but elementary, student of the subject and fulfills that purpose very well. Montaigne and other skeptical philosophers of the Renaissance held that skepticism can be of assistance to faith. D. (New York, Cincinnati: Benziger Brothers, 1892).

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Aquinas (A Beginner's Guide)

Aquinas (A Beginner's Guide)

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With our faith, we desire no further belief. You could say that a technique was discovered, but that the idea was invented? These virtues are accompanied by an increasingly technical jargon, which makes so much late-medieval philosophy intimidating and formidable to non-specialist readers. Cambridge: Cambridge –––. [2001a] “Natural Law and Will in Ockham”, in Kilcullen and Scott, –––. [2001b] “The Origin of Property: Ockham, Grotius, Pufendorf and Some Others”, in Kilcullen and Scott, 2001, pp. 883–932. [Preprint –––. [2001c] “Introduction to William of Ockham, The Work of Ninety Days”, in Kilcullen and Scott, 2001, pp. 1–46. [Preprint available –––. [2004] “Medieval Political Theory” in Handbook of Political Theory, –––. [2010b] “Natural Law” in Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy, ed. –––. [2010c] “Natural Rights” in Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy, –––. [2010d] “Medieval and Modern Concepts of Rights: How Do They Kilcullen, John, and Scott, John [trans.]. [2001] William of Ockham, Work –––. [1997] Fragments of Ockham Hermeneutics.

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Medieval Modal Systems: Problems and Concepts (Ashgate

Medieval Modal Systems: Problems and Concepts (Ashgate

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Can I select a date in the future to send my eGift? 1970 etc.) Several short mathematical texts, most notably the Tractatus proportionum [ca. 1353] (ed. Hosseini, Seyed Hassan, “Ibn Sînâ and Sadrâ on the Siddîqîn Argument for the Existence of God,” in Views on the Philosophy of Ibn Sînâ and Mullâ Sadrâ Shîrâzî, pp. 105-17. Rationalism is the emphasis on reasoning as a source of knowledge. Under this system of depersonalization, the person is already "dead."

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Aquinas's Summa Theologiae (Critical Essays on the Classics

Aquinas's Summa Theologiae (Critical Essays on the Classics

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The regress argument, a fundamental problem in epistemology, occurs when, in order to completely prove any statement P, its justification itself needs to be supported by another justification. His treatise On Sacraments was the first summa, an important medieval literary genre. Modern science is the outcome of a rigorous and successful application of reason to myriad problems that have confronted the human race over the centuries. It is probably safe to say that for no other period in the history of European philosophy does so much basic groundwork remain to be done.

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The Sciences in Enlightened Europe

The Sciences in Enlightened Europe

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The Reformation created an intellectual environment outside the influence of medieval scholasticism and a centralized church authority. Similarly, He knows an individual man, for instance Zaid or Amr, in so far as He knows the “absolute man,” i.e., independently of the conditions of time or place. For example, we know from observation how many keys are on a typewriter and from experience which key will print what letter. In the case of Aristotle, they used Arabic translations of Aristotle's Greek, sometimes with an earlier Syriac link in between.

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THEORIES OF THE WILL IN THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

THEORIES OF THE WILL IN THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

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In the eleventh and twelfth centuries, therefore, Scholasticism passed through its period of storm and stress. Even the German idealist philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, in his Vorlesungen über die Geschichte der Philosophie (1833–36; Lectures on the History of Philosophy), declared that he would “put on seven-league boots” in order to skip over the thousand years between the 6th and 17th centuries and, having at last arrived at René Descartes, said that now he could “cry land like the sailor.” In those same first decades of the 19th century, on the other hand, the Romanticists swung the pendulum sharply to the opposite side, to an indiscriminate overestimation of everything medieval.

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Four-Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time

Four-Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time

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Second is the argument from God�s sovereignty: universals limits God�s power. Lenzi, Massimiliano, “Anima est nomen officii. B., Cicero Scepticus: A Study of the Influence of the Academica in the Renaissance (The Hague: Nijhoff, 1972). C.), who was born in Citium, Cyprus began lecturing on the Painted Porch (Stoa Poikile) of a temple in Athens named for the paintings of Polygnotus which adorned it. However, the importance of the pre-Socratics lies not in the truth of their answers but in the fact that they examined the questions in the first place.

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Descartes among the Scholastics (History of Science and

Descartes among the Scholastics (History of Science and

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As discussed previously, Aquinas follows Aristotle’s intellectualism in regards to the relationship of the will and the intellect. He replied with his Monologion (1077; “Monologue”). In the history of the Indian subcontinent, following the establishment of a Vedic culture, the development of philosophical and religious thought over a period of two millennia gave rise to what came to be called the six schools of astika, or orthodox, Indian or Hindu philosophy.

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