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Category: Medieval Thought

Peter Abailard

Peter Abailard

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Ockham has a principle of parsimony named after him – Occam’s razor. He also held that God's attributes are identical with His essence, and, again following the Muʿtazilites, he teaches that only prophets can work miracles. *Nissim b. Heracleitus' work combines the principles of order and change. "All things are one," he said. An examination of the metaphysics and epistemology of three medieval Aristotelians: Thomas Aquinas, Duns Scotus, William Ockham.

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On Augustine (Philosopher (Wadsworth))

On Augustine (Philosopher (Wadsworth))

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His own reformed system of logic reached its definitive form with the publication of the third edition of Dialectique (1555). It may have been a laudable goal considering the limited time available to seminarians, but it failed to deliver the richness and fullness of the teachings of the great books. For Gersonides, for example, the Song of Songs was a philosophical parable about the pursuit of ultimate felicity that culminates in the knowledge of God (Menachem Kellner (ed. and trans.), Commentary on Song of Songs: Levi ben Gershom (Gersonides) (1998), pp. xv–xxxi).

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Duns Scotus's Theory of Cognition

Duns Scotus's Theory of Cognition

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During his years as a naturalist, city planner, builder and lawmaker, he lived a down-to-earth life which colored his inquiries and his philosophy. As time goes on, the complications and the numbers only increase. This is available here only as a PDF file at this time. Meir Dan-Cohen Milo Reese Robbins Chair in Legal Ethics (LL. The general capacity to understand (intellectus) covers simple apprehension, judging, and reasoning. Picken, Gavin, “Ibn Hanbal and al-Muhâsibî: A Study of Early Conflicting Scholarly Methodologies,” Arabica, 55 (2008): 337-61.

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Ioannis Buridani. Expositio et quaestiones in Aristotelis De

Ioannis Buridani. Expositio et quaestiones in Aristotelis De

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The word 'philosophy' doesn't spring to mind, does it, unless one already knows the etymology of that word. Caliphs upheld one theological view against another and demanded adherence to it on political grounds, with the inevitable result that theology soon became the handmaid of politics. The modern Jew seeks to embrace his Jewish national tradition, but finds it beyond reach, because it is a religious tradition, and he – as modern man – has no faith.

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Reading Maimonides' Philosophy in 19th Century Germany: The

Reading Maimonides' Philosophy in 19th Century Germany: The

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Saleh, Walid A., “A Fifteenth-Century Muslim Hebraist: Al-Biqâ’î and His Defense of Using the Bible to Intepret the Qur’ân,” Speculum, 83 (2008): 629-54. Eshots, Yanis, “The Russian Translation of Mîr Dâmâd’s Îmâdât ch. 1 & 2,” Ishraq, 5 (2014): 137-89 [in Russian]. Among medieval Christians there were at least three views of the goods and evils of government: Government may be, and should be, rule by the ideal Christian ruler, whom the Protestants later called “the godly prince”; such a ruler would lead his people in obedience to God.

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The Politics of Skepticism in the Ancients, Montaigne, Hume,

The Politics of Skepticism in the Ancients, Montaigne, Hume,

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That this is the effective situation arises from the fact that when a demonstrative knowledge leads to the knowledge of something real. The final product, sad to report, is something less than impressive. Dadlez is a professor of philosophy at the University of Central Oklahoma. Moreover, much of the philosophy of Descartes, Spinoza, Kant, Liebniz, and others would not have even been possible without these contributions of medieval philosophy.

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English and American philosophy since 1800 (cop.2): a

English and American philosophy since 1800 (cop.2): a

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Several young Jewish philosophers, involved in the fruitful work going on in this discipline, have begun to apply its methodology to the study of the halakhah. Critical Thinking Writing Exercise No. 6 After reading the Politics, write a three page essay in which you explain his arguments as to why he believes a "polity" is the best form of government. First, he argues that some matter exists without form�a formless substance called �prime matter�. Marcotte, Roxanne D., “Suhrawardî al-Maqtûl, the Martyr of Aleppo,” in Orthodoxy and Heresy, vol.

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Mediaeval and Renaissance Logic, Volume 2 (Handbook of the

Mediaeval and Renaissance Logic, Volume 2 (Handbook of the

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Jewish Hellenistic culture may be said to have begun with the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Bible. Conscience is a person's internal guide to good action -- it is his best judgment on a matter. 3. Fancy, Nahyan, Science and Religion in Mamluk Egypt: Ibn al-Nafîs, Pulmonary Transit and Bodily Resurrection (Culture and Civilization in the Middle East 37). The end of the period is assigned to the 1550's, by which time an ecclesiastical stalemate between Protestants and Catholics appeared unavoidable. a.

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Agamben and the Signature of Astrology: Spheres of

Agamben and the Signature of Astrology: Spheres of

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On the question of the universality of matter the Schoolmen were divided among themselves, some, like the Franciscan teachers, maintaining that all created beings are material, others, like St. Augustine’s demonstration of the existence of God coincides with his proof of the existence of necessary, immutable Truth. Bellver, José, « Similitud e incomparabilidad divinas en el contexto del debate en torno al primado de la existencia y de la quiddidad en la filosofía islámica tardía, » Anales del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía, 30.2 (2013) : 357-82.

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Revolutionary Saints: Heidegger, National Socialism, and

Revolutionary Saints: Heidegger, National Socialism, and

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In Japan, Zen Buddhism and Confucianism overshadowed the native religion called Shinto. As Christian emperors took the throne, they took decisive measures to curb the influence of cultural institutions that conflicted with the Christian message. He was schooled in Greek and Arabic philosophy, Jewish law, and later in medicine. The critique of Aristotle’s teaching formulated by natural philosophers such as Telesio, Campanella, Patrizi, and Bruno undoubtedly helped to weaken it, but it was the new philosophy of the early seventeenth century that sealed the fate of the Aristotelian worldview and set the tone for a new age.

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